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Leucaena leucocephala

Leucaena leucocephala

Regular price €19,80 EUR
Regular price Sale price €19,80 EUR
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Leucaena leucocephala, commonly known as the lead tree or white leadtree, is a fast-growing, perennial tree species native to Central and South America. It belongs to the Fabaceae family and is prized for its rapid growth, nitrogen-fixing capabilities, and a wide range of uses in agroforestry, soil improvement, and as a source of forage and wood.

Morphologically, Leucaena leucocephala typically grows as a small to medium-sized tree, reaching heights of up to 8 to 15 meters. It features compound leaves with 10 to 20 pairs of small leaflets arranged alternately along the stem. The tree produces clusters of fragrant, white, spherical flower heads, which give way to slender, flat seed pods containing small brown seeds.

Cultivating Leucaena leucocephala requires attention to its specific environmental needs. It thrives in warm, tropical climates with well-drained soils and prefers full sun to partial shade. While it can tolerate a wide range of soil types, including poor and acidic soils, it performs best in fertile, sandy loam soils. Regular watering is essential during the establishment phase and in periods of drought to promote vigorous growth. However, the tree is relatively drought-tolerant once established and can withstand short periods of water scarcity.

Leucaena leucocephala is known for its ability to fix atmospheric nitrogen through symbiotic relationships with nitrogen-fixing bacteria in its root nodules. This makes it an excellent choice for improving soil fertility and enhancing the growth of companion plants in agroforestry systems. The tree also provides valuable shade, shelter, and erosion control in agricultural landscapes.

Propagation of Leucaena leucocephala is commonly done through seeds, which should be scarified or treated with hot water to enhance germination rates. Seedlings can be transplanted into the field or grown in nursery beds before being planted out. Care should be taken to control pests and diseases, such as aphids and root rot, which can affect tree health and growth.

While Leucaena leucocephala offers numerous benefits, it's important to note that it can also become invasive in certain regions, particularly in areas with favorable climates. Therefore, careful management and monitoring are necessary to prevent its spread beyond desired boundaries.

In summary, Leucaena leucocephala is a valuable tree species with multiple benefits for agriculture, agroforestry, and land reclamation. With proper care and management, it can contribute to sustainable land use practices and improve soil health and productivity in tropical and subtropical regions.

IMPORTANT: Please be aware that picture 1 show adult plant not for sale, the offer is for a plant in the dimension indicated in title description.

Please be aware that most plants change across seasons. For example, some of them will naturally lose leaves or change in colour during colder months. Do not hesitate to contact us for further informations about the plants of your interest.

Cultivation

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