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Corylus avellana

Corylus avellana

Regular price €13,20 EUR
Regular price Sale price €13,20 EUR
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Product Description

Corylus avellana, commonly known as the European Hazel or Common Hazel, is a versatile deciduous shrub or small tree native to Europe and western Asia. This plant is valued for its delicious edible nuts, its ornamental appeal, and its role in supporting wildlife.

Corylus avellana typically grows as a multi-stemmed shrub but can also develop into a small tree, reaching heights of up to 20 feet (6 meters). Its leaves are broad, serrated, and heart-shaped, providing a lush green backdrop to its surroundings during the growing season. In late winter and early spring, it produces small, pendulous, yellow catkins that eventually give way to clusters of edible nuts enclosed in papery husks. The nuts, known as hazelnuts or filberts, are a popular ingredient in culinary recipes and are cherished for their rich flavor and nutritional value.

Cultivation:

  1. Climate: European Hazelnut thrives in temperate climates. It prefers areas with cold winters and mild summers but can adapt to a range of conditions.

  2. Soil: Plant in well-draining, loamy soil that is slightly acidic to neutral. Adequate drainage is crucial to prevent waterlogged roots.

  3. Sunlight: Provide Corylus avellana with full to partial sun exposure. It benefits from at least 4-6 hours of sunlight per day.

  4. Watering: Water regularly, especially during the growing season, to keep the soil consistently moist. However, be cautious not to overwater to avoid root rot.

  5. Pruning: Prune for shape and size control during late winter or early spring before new growth begins. Remove any dead or diseased branches as needed.

  6. Fertilization: Apply a balanced, slow-release fertilizer in the spring to support healthy growth and nut production.

  7. Pest and Disease: While relatively pest-resistant, European Hazelnut can occasionally face issues like aphids, caterpillars, and fungal diseases. Monitor your plant and take action if necessary.

  8. Mulching: Apply a layer of mulch around the base of the plant to help retain soil moisture and suppress weeds.

  9. Harvesting: Hazelnuts are typically ready for harvest in late summer or early autumn. Wait until the husks turn brown and start to split before collecting the nuts.

Corylus avellana is a valuable addition to home gardens, providing not only delicious nuts but also ornamental value with its attractive leaves and catkins. Proper care and maintenance will ensure a healthy and productive European Hazel plant in your landscape.

IMPORTANT: Please be aware that picture 1 show adult plant not for sale, the offer is for a plant in the dimension indicated in title description.

Please be aware that most plants change across seasons. For example, some of them will naturally lose leaves or change in colour during colder months. Do not hesitate to contact us for further informations about the plants of your interest.

Cultivation

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