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Quercus suber

Quercus suber

Regular price €9,90 EUR
Regular price Sale price €9,90 EUR
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Product Description

Quercus suber, commonly known as cork oak, is a distinctive evergreen tree native to the western Mediterranean region, particularly prevalent in countries like Portugal, Spain, and Morocco. Renowned for its thick, corky bark, this species plays a significant economic and ecological role. 

Appearance:

  • Size: Quercus suber typically grows to a height of 10-20 meters (33-65 feet), with a broad, spreading crown.
  • Leaves: The leaves are small, oval-shaped, and leathery, with a glossy dark green color on the upper surface and a paler green underside.
  • Bark: The most distinctive feature of Quercus suber is its thick, corky bark, which can be harvested sustainably for cork production.
  • Acorns: The tree produces acorns that are small and egg-shaped, maturing in about 18 months.

Habitat and Range:

  • Cork oak is native to the western Mediterranean region, where it thrives in hot, dry climates with well-drained soils, such as hillsides and low mountains.

Cultivation:

1. Location:
  • Plant Quercus suber in a location that receives full sun to partial shade.
  • Ensure good air circulation to prevent fungal diseases, especially in humid climates.
2. Soil:
  • Provide well-drained, sandy or loamy soil with moderate fertility. Quercus suber is tolerant of various soil types but prefers slightly acidic to neutral soils.
  • Avoid waterlogged or compacted soils, as this can lead to root rot.
3. Watering:
  • Water newly planted trees regularly to establish root systems. Once established, cork oak is drought-tolerant but benefits from occasional watering during prolonged dry spells.
4. Pruning:
  • Prune Quercus suber minimally to maintain a healthy shape and remove dead or damaged branches. Avoid excessive pruning, especially of the main branches.
5. Fertilization:
  • Apply a balanced fertilizer in early spring to promote healthy growth, particularly for young trees or those growing in nutrient-poor soils.
6. Pest and Disease Management:
  • Cork oak is relatively resistant to pests and diseases. However, monitor for common issues such as oak root rot and powdery mildew, especially in humid conditions.
  • Treat any pest or disease problems promptly to prevent spreading to nearby trees.
7. Mulching:
  • Apply a layer of organic mulch around the base of the tree to conserve moisture, suppress weed growth, and regulate soil temperature.
  • Keep the mulch several inches away from the trunk to prevent moisture-related diseases.

Quercus suber, or cork oak, is a unique and valuable tree species with cultural, economic, and ecological significance. By following these cultivation tips, you can successfully grow and maintain cork oak trees, contributing to their preservation and sustainable management.

IMPORTANT: Please be aware that picture 1 show adult plant not for sale, the offer is for a plant in the dimension indicated product description.

Please be aware that most plants change across seasons. For example, some of them will naturally lose leaves or change in colour during colder months. Do not hesitate to contact us for further informations about the plants of your interest.

Cultivation

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