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Copiapoa hypogaea USP63

Copiapoa hypogaea USP63

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Descrizione del prodotto

Copiapoa hypogaea is a species of cactus native to Chile, particularly found in the Atacama Desert region. Here's a description and some cultivation tips for this plant:

Description:

  1. Appearance: Copiapoa hypogaea typically has a solitary or clumping growth habit, forming rounded or cylindrical stems covered in numerous ribs. The stems are usually greenish-blue to gray-green in color and can reach up to 20 centimeters in diameter.

  2. Spines: The plant has dense clusters of yellow to brown spines along the ribs, which may vary in length and density depending on environmental conditions and genetic factors.

  3. Flowers: Mature Copiapoa hypogaea plants produce small, funnel-shaped flowers that emerge from the top of the stems. The flowers are typically yellow to orange in color and appear in spring or early summer.

  4. Roots: As the name "hypogaea" suggests (meaning "underground" or "subterranean"), this species is known for its extensive underground root system, which helps it survive in arid conditions by absorbing moisture from deep within the soil.

Cultivation Tips:

  1. Light: Provide Copiapoa hypogaea with plenty of sunlight, as it thrives in full sun conditions. Place it in a location where it can receive direct sunlight for several hours each day, especially during the growing season.

  2. Temperature: This cactus prefers warm temperatures, ideally between 65°F to 85°F (18°C to 29°C) during the active growing season. Protect it from frost and cold temperatures, as prolonged exposure can damage or kill the plant.

  3. Soil: Use a well-draining cactus or succulent potting mix to prevent waterlogging and root rot. A mixture of sand, perlite, and gritty soil can provide the proper drainage and aeration needed for healthy root development.

  4. Watering: Allow the soil to dry out completely between waterings, as Copiapoa hypogaea is adapted to survive in arid conditions. Water sparingly, especially during the winter months when the plant is dormant, to prevent overwatering and root rot.

  5. Container: Plant Copiapoa hypogaea in a shallow, wide container with drainage holes to ensure adequate drainage. Avoid using containers that are too large, as this can lead to water retention and root suffocation.

  6. Fertilization: Feed the plant with a diluted, balanced fertilizer formulated for cacti and succulents during the growing season (spring and summer). Apply fertilizer sparingly to avoid overfeeding, which can lead to excessive growth and weak stems.

  7. Propagation: Copiapoa hypogaea can be propagated from seeds or offsets (also known as pups) that form around the base of mature plants. Sow seeds in well-draining soil and keep them warm and moist until germination occurs. Allow offsets to dry and callous before planting them in their own pots.

  8. Pests and Diseases: Monitor the plant for signs of pests such as mealybugs, scale insects, and spider mites. Treat infestations promptly with organic or chemical insecticides as needed. Ensure good air circulation and avoid overwatering to prevent fungal diseases.

By following these cultivation tips, you can successfully grow Copiapoa hypogaea, enjoying its unique appearance and occasional blooms in your collection of desert plants.

Cultivation

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